2014年第三季度中国国民生产总值GDP下降至7.3%，但比市场预期7.2%高点。强劲的外需导致净出口，并削弱内需。政府似乎不在乎GDP没有达到7.5%，但是如果继续下降，政府有办法，即：“政府有大把军火抛向经济” （“the Government has plenty of ammunition to throw at the economy”）。
The slowdown in China GDP growth continued into the third quarter of 2014 but came in slightly better than expected. Growth slowed from 7.5% in the year to June to 7.3% in September. Average market expectations were for growth of 7.2%. The monthly partial indicators showed industrial production recovering over the month from 6.9% yoy in August to 8.0% yoy in September, although down in the September quarter relative to June. Production related to external demand is relatively strong while production related to the property market remains weak. Fixed asset investment slowed further over the month, again largely related to the property sector however retail sales continue to hold up well in real terms with the year on year growth improving from 10.6% in August to 10.8% in September.Weakness over the quarter was clearly centered in the domestic economy. Net exports provided a significant positive offset to the domestic weakness, contributing 2.5% percentage points to the result. We don’t expect the external sector will be able to continue to provide such a significant positive offset to further domestic weakness going forward.
The Government will be keen to limit any further deterioration in growth into the end of the year. That will see then continuing to deploy targeted easing measures to support domestic demand, especially in the housing market. No further growth deterioration into year end would still see them miss the growth target of 7.5% this year, although the Government seems comfortable with a small miss.
The chance of broader easing measures such as cuts to the benchmark interest rate have increased recently, especially given recent low inflation outcomes. However I think the Government would be keen to avoid that step if they can. The good news is that while China remains in the midst of a managed slowdown and rebalancing, the Government has plenty of ammunition to throw at the economy should conditions look to deteriorate more sharply.